[1]陈书恒,李猛,刘恒,等.采用频谱细化的超声法在线测量滚动轴承保持架转速[J].西安交通大学学报,2020,54(07):139-145.[doi:10.7652/xjtuxb202007017]
 CHEN Shuheng,LI Meng,LIU Heng,et al.On-Line Rotational Speed Measurement of Rolling Bearing Cage Based on Ultrasonic Measurement with Spectrum Refinement[J].Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University,2020,54(07):139-145.[doi:10.7652/xjtuxb202007017]
点击复制

采用频谱细化的超声法在线测量滚动轴承保持架转速
分享到:

《西安交通大学学报》[ISSN:0253-987X/CN:61-1069/T]

卷:
54
期数:
2020年第07期
页码:
139-145
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-07-08

文章信息/Info

Title:
On-Line Rotational Speed Measurement of Rolling Bearing Cage Based on Ultrasonic Measurement with Spectrum Refinement
文章编号:
0253-987X(2020)07-0139-07
作者:
陈书恒12 李猛1234 刘恒12 梅凯路12 贺凤祥5
1.西安交通大学润滑理论及轴承研究所, 710049, 西安; 2.西安交通大学现代设计及转子轴承系统教育部重点实验室, 710049, 西安; 3.长安大学汽车学院, 710064, 西安; 4.洛阳LYC轴承有限公司航空精密轴承国家重点实验室, 471039, 河南洛阳; 5.中国航发湖南动力机械研究所机械系统研究部, 412002, 湖南株洲
Author(s):
CHEN Shuheng12 LI Meng1234 LIU Heng12 MEI Kailu12 HE Fengxiang5
1. Lubrication Theory and Bearing Research Institute, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Education Ministry for Modern Design and Rotor-Bearing System, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China; 3. School of Automobi
关键词:
超声测量 滚动轴承 保持架 频谱细化
Keywords:
ultrasonic measurement rolling bearing bearing cage spectrum refinement
分类号:
TH133.33; TB551
DOI:
10.7652/xjtuxb202007017
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
针对实际工况下超声时间差法在线测量滚动轴承保持架转速的噪声抑制及高速测量准确性问题,提出了一种采用频谱细化的滚动轴承保持架转速超声测量方法。通过引入自相关分析及快速傅里叶变换抑制时域噪声对超声回波脉冲信号的影响,使用线性调频Z变换(CZT)频谱细化算法提高滚动体通过频率的计算精度,进而提高轴承保持架转速测量准确性。28 000 r/min下的高速滚动轴承保持架转速超声测量试验结果表明,该方法能够有效克服实际工况下的噪声影响,实现高速实际工况下轴承保持架转速波动的准确测量,测量误差在0.1%以内。
Abstract:
Aiming at the problems of noise suppression and high-speed measurement accuracy in the on-line measurement of the rotational speed of rolling bearing cage under actual working conditions, a method for measuring the rotational speed of rolling bearing cage based on the ultrasonic measurement with spectrum refinement is proposed. The influence of time-domain noise on the ultrasonic echo pulse signal is suppressed by introducing autocorrelation analysis and FFT transform. The CZT spectrum refining algorithm is used to improve the calculation accuracy of the passing frequency of the roller, so as to improve the calculation accuracy of the bearing cage’s rotational speed. Experimental results of high-speed rolling bearing at 28 000 r/min show that this method can effectively overcome the influence of noise under actual working conditions, and achieve accurate measurement of high rotational speed under speed fluctuation with a measurement error less than 0.1%.

参考文献/References:

[1] 王云龙, 王文中. 高速滚动轴承动力学及润滑热失效研究 [J]. 机械工程学报, 2019, 55(8): 200.
WANG Yunlong, WANG Wenzhong. Study on dynamics and lubrication thermal failure of high speed rolling bearing [J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2019, 55(8): 200.
[2] 贾艳秋, 张兵, 陈雪梅. 滚动轴承的故障机理及诊断 [J]. 化工装备技术, 2011(4): 59-61.
JIA Yanqiu, ZHANG Bing, CHEN Xuemei. Malfunction mechanism and diagnosis of rolling bearing [J]. Chemical Equipment Technology, 2011(4): 59-61.
[3] 焦育洁. 航空发动机主轴轴承可靠性技术研究 [D]. 合肥: 合肥工业大学, 2004: 5-7.
[4] 焦育洁, 周志澜. 航空发动机主轴轴承失效分析 [J]. 轴承, 1998(6): 6-11.
JIAO Yujie, ZHOU Zhilan. Failure analysis for main shaft bearings of aircraft engine [J]. Bearing, 1998(6): 6-11.
[5] 丁洪福, 景敏卿, 王风涛, 等. 加速工况下高速圆柱滚子轴承打滑分析 [J]. 机械设计与制造, 2016(2): 64-67.
DING Hongfu, JING Minqing, WANG Fengtao, et al. Skidding analysis of high speed cylindrical roller bearing considering acceleration of bearing [J]. Mechanical Design and Manufacturing, 2016(2): 64-67.
[6] 殷锋. 航空发动机高速轴承打滑检测的一种新方法探讨 [J]. 测控技术, 1994(6): 22-24.
YIN Feng. The discussion of a new method for detecting the sliding of aircraft engine high-speed bearing [J]. Measurement and Control Technology, 1994(6): 22-24.
[7] HARRIS T. An analytical method to predict skidding in high speed roller bearings [J]. ASLE Transactions, 1966, 9(3): 229-241.
[8] 生寿华. DZ-8208轴承打滑仪的原理及使用 [J]. 轴承, 1985(3): 29-32.
SHENG Shouhua. Principle and application of DZ-8208 bearing slipmeter [J]. Bearing, 1985(3): 29-32.
[9] 孙岩, 乔鸿春. 光纤传感器在轴承保持架转速测量中的应用 [J]. 轴承, 1993(1): 30-32.
SUN Yan, QIAO Hongchun. Application of optical fiber sensor in the measurement of rotation speed of bearing cage [J]. Bearing, 1993(1): 30-32.
[10] 韦兴平, 车畅, 宋春华. 超声波传感器应用综述 [J]. 工业控制计算机, 2014, 27(11): 135-136.
WEI Xingping, CHE Chang, SONG Chunhua. Application overviews of ultrasonic sensor [J]. Industrial Control Computer, 2014, 27(11): 135-136.
[11] ACHMAD W, BO-SUK Y, ERIC Y K, et al. Fault diagnosis of low speed bearing based on acoustic emission signal and multi-class relevance vector machine [J]. Expert Systems with Applications, 2009, 24(4): 313-328.
[12] 苏连成, 李成成, 李兴林, 等. 基于超声信号的轴承润滑状态监测研究 [J]. 燕山大学学报, 2013(5): 442-447.
SU Liancheng, LI Chengcheng, LI Xinglin, et al. Study on bearing lubrication condition monitoring based on ultrasonic signals [J]. Journal of Yanshan University, 2013(5): 442-447.
[13] DWYER-JOYCE R S, GONZALES-VALADEZ M. Ultrasonic determination of normal and shear interface stiffness and the effect of Poisson’s ratio [J]. Tribology, 2003, 43: 143-149.
[14] 蔡小龙. 基于超声的防水材料厚度无损测量方法研究 [D]. 武汉: 湖北工业大学, 2016: 52-53.
[15] LIU Zhixiang, XU Cong, LI Meng, et al. Study on the rotational speed of bearing cage based on ultrasonic measurement [J]. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers: Part K Journal of Multi-body Dynamics, 2017, 231(4): 684-689.
[16] 许聪, 李猛, 景敏卿, 等. 超声法测量圆柱滚子轴承润滑油膜厚度 [J]. 西安交通大学学报, 2015, 49(10): 61-66.
XU Cong, LI Meng, JING Minqing, et al. Measurement of lubricant film thickness of cylindrical roller bearing using ultrasound [J]. Journal of Xi’an Jiaotong University, 2015, 49(10): 61-66.
[17] LI Meng, LIU Heng, XU Cong, et al. Ultrasonic measurement of cylindrical roller bearing lubrication using high pulse repletion rates [J]. ASME Journal of Tribology, 2015, 137(4): 042202.
[18] 李猛. 圆柱滚子轴承亚微米级弹流膜厚度分布的超声测量技术研究 [D]. 西安: 西安交通大学, 2016: 20-22.
[19] WAN IBRAHIN M K, GASNI D R S, DWYER-JOYCE R S. Profiling a ball bearing oil film with ultrasonic reflection [J]. Tribology Transactions, 2012, 55(4): 409-421.
[20] 赵宏强. 频谱细化算法分析 [J]. 四川兵工学报, 2013, 34(5): 105-109.
ZHAO Hongqiang. Analysis of spectrum zoom algorithms [J]. Journal of Sichuan Industry and Technology, 2013, 34(5): 105-109.

相似文献/References:

[1]刘弹,李晓婉,梁霖,等.采用时间序列突变点检测的滚动轴承性能退化评价方法[J].西安交通大学学报,2019,53(12):010.[doi:10.7652/xjtuxb201912002]
 LIU Dan,LI Xiaowan,LIANG Lin,et al.A Method for Evaluating Performance Degradation of Rolling Bearings Using Detection of Time Series Mutation Point[J].Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University,2019,53(07):010.[doi:10.7652/xjtuxb201912002]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2020-03-03。作者简介: 陈书恒(1995—),男,硕士生; 刘恒(通信作者),男,教授,博士生导师。基金项目: 国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFB2000200); 中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2019M662503)。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-07-10